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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stereochemical course of tyramine oxidation by semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase.

Two semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidases (SSAO's) from bovine and porcine aortic tissue were partially purified and characterized, and the stereochemical course of amine oxidation was evaluated. The porcine and bovine SSAO's were membrane bound glycoproteins, with Km values for benzylamine of 8 and 16 microM, respectively. The reactivity of SSAO with semicarbazide and phenylhydrazine suggests that the cofactor is a carbonyl type molecule. The stereochemical course of the bovine and porcine aortic semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase reaction was investigated using chiral tyramines, deuterated at C-1 and C-2, and 1H-NMR spectroscopy to establish the loss or retention of deuterium in product p-hydroxyphenethyl alcohols. The preferred mode of tyramine oxidation was found to occur with the loss of pro-S proton at C-1, coupled with solvent exchange into C-2, a pattern which has not been observed for any copper amine oxidase examined to date. The solvent exchange reaction also occurred stereospecifically, with loss from and reprotonation to the pro-R position, suggesting that these two processes occur from the same face of the enamine double bond.[1]


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