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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Atherosclerosis in mice is not affected by a reduction in tissue factor expression.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether tissue factor (TF) contributes to the progression of atherosclerotic lesions in mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: We determined the effect of a 50% reduction of TF levels in all cells on atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient (apoE(-/-)) mice. No differences were observed in the extent of atherosclerosis in apoE(-/-)/TF(+/+) and apoE(-/-)/TF(+/-) mice fed regular chow for 34 weeks. Atherosclerosis could not be analyzed in apoE(-/-) mice expressing low levels of TF because of premature death of these mice. Macrophages are a major source of TF in atherosclerotic plaques. Therefore, in a second series of experiments, we investigated the effect on atherosclerosis of selectively reducing hematopoietic cell-derived TF by transplanting bone marrow from mice expressing low levels of TF into low-density lipoprotein receptor deficient (LDLR(-/-)) mice. Atherosclerosis within the arterial tree and aortic root were similar in LDLR(-/-) mice with low-TF bone marrow compared with control bone marrow (TF(+/+) or TF(+/-)) after 4 and 16 weeks on an atherogenic diet. Furthermore, the cellular composition of the aortic root lesions was similar between the 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that either a 50% reduction of TF in all cells or a selective reduction in hematopoietic cell-derived TF does not affect the development of atherosclerotic lesions in mice.[1]


  1. Atherosclerosis in mice is not affected by a reduction in tissue factor expression. Tilley, R.E., Pedersen, B., Pawlinski, R., Sato, Y., Erlich, J.H., Shen, Y., Day, S., Huang, Y., Eitzman, D.T., Boisvert, W.A., Curtiss, L.K., Fay, W.P., Mackman, N. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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