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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Front-face fluorescence spectroscopy as a rapid and nondestructive tool for differentiating various cereal products: a preliminary investigation.

The potential of intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy was investigated for differentiating between processed grains (flours, pasta, and semolinas) of different wheat cereal products. A total of 59 samples (e.g., 20 complete Kamut, semicomplete Kamut, and soft wheat flours, 28 pasta, and 11 semolinas manufactured from complete Kamut, semicomplete Kamut, and hard wheat flours) were analyzed by front-face fluorescence spectroscopy. Tryptophan fluorescence spectra were scanned between 305 and 400 nm on samples following excitation at 290 nm. The principal component analysis (PCA) performed on flour spectra clearly differentiated complete Kamut and semicomplete Kamut samples from those produced from complete and semicomplete soft wheat flours. The PCA performed on pasta spectra discriminated samples manufactured from complete Kamut and complete hard wheat flours from those made with semicomplete Kamut and semicomplete hard wheat flours. The best discrimination was obtained from tryptophan spectra recorded on semolinas since the four groups were well discriminated. Correct classification amounting to 61.9% was obtained for pasta spectra. A better classification was obtained for flour and semolina spectra since correct classification amounted to 86.7% and 87.9%, respectively. Front-face fluorescence spectroscopy has the potential to be a rapid, low-cost, and efficient method for the authentication of cereal products.[1]


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