The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prenatal phenotypic overlap of Costello syndrome and severe Noonan syndrome by tri-dimensional ultrasonography.

BACKGROUND: Prenatal diagnosis of multiple congenital anomalies is difficult, and usually molecular biology cannot immediately confirm the suspected syndrome. Fetal dysmorphology is useful tool in the diagnosis process, with limitations. METHODS: We report the thorough prenatal investigation by 2D and 3D ultrasonography in a case of suspected Costello syndrome. RESULTS: Prenatal abnormalities were: increased nuchal translucency, polyhydramnios, bilateral pyelectasis and ventriculomegaly. Ultrasonographic morphological fetal face analysis found abnormal thickness of the skin in the prefrontal area, thick dysplastic ears, thick lips and deep-set creases in the hands and feet. As Costello and Noonan syndromes overlap, a PTPN11 analysis was done, with presence of a mutation (T854C). CONCLUSION: Prenatal overlap of feature of severe Noonan syndrome and Costello syndrome is confirmed, with dysmorphological similarities, due to edema of fetal skin in face and extremities.[1]


  1. Prenatal phenotypic overlap of Costello syndrome and severe Noonan syndrome by tri-dimensional ultrasonography. Levaillant, J.M., Gérard-Blanluet, M., Holder-Espinasse, M., Valat-Rigot, A.S., Devisme, L., Cavé, H., Manouvrier-Hanu, S. Prenat. Diagn. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities