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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The CH-domain of calponin does not determine the modes of calponin binding to F-actin.

Many actin-binding proteins have been observed to have a modular architecture. One of the most abundant modules is the calponin-homology (CH) domain, found as tandem repeats in proteins that cross-link actin filaments (such as fimbrin, spectrin and alpha-actinin) or link the actin cytoskeleton to intermediate filaments (such as plectin). In proteins such as the eponymous calponin, IQGAP1, and Scp1, a single CH-domain exists, but there has been some controversy over whether this domain binds to actin filaments. A previous three-dimensional reconstruction of the calponin-F-actin complex has led to the conclusion that the visualized portion of calponin bound to actin belongs to its amino-terminal homology (CH) domain. We show, using a calponin fragment lacking the CH-domain, that this domain is not bound to F-actin, and cannot be positioning calponin on F-actin as hypothesized. Further, using classification methods, we show a multiplicity in cooperative modes of binding of calponin to F-actin, similar to what has been observed for other actin-binding proteins such as tropomyosin and cofilin. Our results suggest that the form and function of the structurally conserved CH-domain found in many other actin-binding proteins have diverged. This has broad implications for inferring function from the presence of structurally conserved domains.[1]


  1. The CH-domain of calponin does not determine the modes of calponin binding to F-actin. Galkin, V.E., Orlova, A., Fattoum, A., Walsh, M.P., Egelman, E.H. J. Mol. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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