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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The network of protein-protein interactions within the human U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP.

The human 25S U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP is a major building block of the U2-type spliceosome and contains, in addition to the U4, U6, and U5 snRNAs, at least 30 distinct proteins. To learn more about the molecular architecture of the tri-snRNP, we have investigated interactions between tri-snRNP proteins using the yeast two-hybrid assay and in vitro binding assays, and, in addition, have identified distinct protein domains that are critical for the connectivity of this protein network in the human tri-snRNP. These studies revealed multiple interactions between distinct domains of the U5 proteins hPrp8, hBrr2 (a DExH/D-box helicase), and hSnu114 (a putative GTPase), which are key players in the catalytic activation of the spliceosome, during which the U4/U6 base-pairing interaction is disrupted and U4 is released from the spliceosome. Both the U5-specific, TPR/HAT-repeat-containing hPrp6 protein and the tri-snRNP-specific hSnu66 protein interact with several U5- and U4/U6-associated proteins, including hBrr2 and hPrp3, which contacts the U6 snRNA. Thus, both proteins are located at the interface between U5 and U4/U6 in the tri-snRNP complex, and likely play an important role in transmitting the activity of hBrr2 and hSnu114 in the U5 snRNP to the U4/U6 duplex during spliceosome activation. A more detailed analysis of these protein interactions revealed that different HAT repeats mediate interactions with specific hPrp6 partners. Taken together, data presented here provide a detailed picture of the network of protein interactions within the human tri-snRNP.[1]


  1. The network of protein-protein interactions within the human U4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP. Liu, S., Rauhut, R., Vornlocher, H.P., Lührmann, R. RNA (2006) [Pubmed]
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