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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A multifunctional PEI-based cationic polyplex for enhanced systemic p53-mediated gene therapy.

We recently reported a novel coupling strategy involving salicylhydroxamic acid and phenyl(di)boronic acid molecules to attach the CNGRC peptide to PEI/DNA for CD13 targeting in tumors. Here, we doubly coupled Simian Virus (SV) 40 peptide-(nuclear localization signal)) and oligonucleotide-based (DNA nuclear targeting signal) nuclear signals to the same vector using peptide nucleic acid chemistry. This vector, CNGRC/PEG/PEI/DNA-betagal/NLS/DNTS, was predominantly localized in the cell nucleus, yielding about 200-fold higher betagal gene expression in vitro, more than 20-fold increase in tumor-specific gene delivery, and a robust betagal gene expression as demonstrated in stained tumor sections. For gene therapy purposes, we further engineered a similar targeting polyplex, CNGRC/PEG/PEI/DNA-p53/NLS/DNTS, with EBV-based episomal vector for sustained p53 gene expression. A distribution of vector DNA and apoptosis in p53-containing tumors was observed, yielding a significant tumor regression and 95% animal survival after 60 days. This multicomponent vector also co-targeted tumor and tumor-associated endothelial cells but not normal cells, and had more efficient therapeutic index than each vector administered as a single modality. The use of an efficient coupling strategy without compromising the vector's integrity for DNA condensation and endosomal escape; nuclear import; tumor-specific and persistent p53 gene expression clearly provides a basis for developing a single combinatorial approach for non-viral gene therapy.Gene Therapy (2006) 13, 1512-1523. doi:10.1038/; published online 8 June 2006.[1]


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