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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Flotillin-1 regulates IgE receptor-mediated signaling in rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells.

Cross-linking of high-affinity IgE receptors by multivalent Ag on mast cells (rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3) induces the phosphorylation of ITAM motifs of an IgE receptor by Src family tyrosine kinase, Lyn. The phosphorylation of IgE receptors is followed by a series of intracellular signals, such as Ca(2+) mobilization, MAPK activation, and degranulation. Therefore, Lyn is a key molecule in the activation of mast cells, but the molecular mechanisms for the activation of Lyn are still unclear. Recently, it is suggested that the localization of Lyn in lipid rafts is critical for its activation in several cell lines, although the precise mechanism is still unknown. In this study, we found that flotillin-1, which is localized in lipid rafts, is involved in the process of Lyn activation. We obtained flotillin-1 knockdown (KD)(2) rat basophilic leukemia (RBL)-2H3 cells, which express a low level of flotillin-1. In the flotillin-1 KD cells, we observed a significant decrease in Ca(2+) mobilization, the phosphorylation of ERKs, tyrosine phosphorylation of the gamma-subunit of IgE receptor, and IgE receptor-mediated degranulation. We also found that flotillin-1 is constitutively associated with Lyn in lipid rafts in RBL-2H3 cells, and Ag stimulation induced the augmentation of flotillin-1 binding to Lyn, resulting in enhancement of kinase activity of Lyn. These results suggest that flotillin-1 is an essential molecule in IgE receptor-mediated mast cell activation, and regulates the kinase activity of Lyn in lipid rafts.[1]


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