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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Overexpression of NBS1 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition and co-expression of NBS1 and Snail predicts metastasis of head and neck cancer.

Major causes of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC)-related deaths are cervical node and distant metastasis. We previously demonstrated that overexpression of the DNA double-strand break repair protein Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (NBS1) is a prognostic marker of advanced HNSCCs. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was demonstrated to be the major mechanism responsible for mediating invasiveness and metastasis of late-stage cancers. We therefore investigated the role of NBS1 overexpression in mediating EMT and metastasis. NBS1 overexpression was associated with metastasis of HNSCC patients using tissue microarray-immunohistochemistry approach. Induction of EMT was observed in an NBS1-overexpressing HNSCC cell line (FADUNBS), whereas short-interference RNA (siRNA)-mediated repression of endogenous NBS1 reversed the shift of EMT markers. Increased migration/invasiveness of FADUNBS was shown by in vitro and in vivo assays. NBS1 overexpression upregulated the expression of an EMT regulator Snail and its downstream target matrix metalloproteinase-2. EMT phenotypes and increased migration/invasiveness of FADUNBS cells were reversed by siRNA-mediated repression of Snail expression or a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-specific inhibitor. In HNSCC samples, co-expression of NBS1/Snail in primary tumors correlated with metastasis and the worst prognosis. These results indicate that NBS1 overexpression induces EMT through the upregulation of Snail expression, and co-expression of NBS1/Snail predicts metastasis in HNSCCs.[1]

References

  1. Overexpression of NBS1 induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition and co-expression of NBS1 and Snail predicts metastasis of head and neck cancer. Yang, M.H., Chang, S.Y., Chiou, S.H., Liu, C.J., Chi, C.W., Chen, P.M., Teng, S.C., Wu, K.J. Oncogene (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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