The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Depletion of type IA regulatory subunit (RI{alpha}) of protein kinase A (PKA) in mammalian cells and tissues activates mTOR and causes autophagic deficiency.

The human PRKAR1A gene encodes the regulatory subunit 1-alpha (RIalpha) of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) holoenzyme. Regulation of the catalytic activity of PKA is the only well-studied function of RIalpha. Inactivating PRKAR1A mutations cause primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD) or Carney complex ( CNC), an inherited syndrome associated with abnormal skin pigmentation and multiple neoplasias, including PPNAD. Histochemistry of tissues from CNC patients is indicative of autophagic deficiency and this led us to investigate the relationship between RIalpha and mammalian autophagy. We found that fluorescently tagged RIalpha associates with late endosomes and autophagosomes in cultured cells. The number of autophagosomes in prkar1a(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) was reduced compared with wild-type MEFs. RIalpha co-immunoprecipitated with mTOR kinase, a major regulator of autophagy. Phosphorylated-mTOR levels and mTOR activity were dramatically increased in prkar1a(-/-) mouse cells, and in HEK 293 cells with RIalpha levels reduced by siRNA. Finally, phosphorylated-mTOR levels and mTOR activity were increased in CNC cells and in PPNAD tissues. These data suggest that RIalpha deficiency decreases autophagy by the activation of mTOR, providing a molecular basis to autophagic deficiency in PPNAD.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities