The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of indefinite survival of fully mismatched cardiac allografts and generation of regulatory cells by sarpogrelate hydrochloride.

BACKGROUND.: At initiation of the immunologic response, platelets rapidly release chemical mediators such as serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, [5-HT]) and cytokines. Sarpogrelate hydrochloride (SH), a selective 5-HT2-receptor antagonist, is used to treat patients with peripheral arterial disease. We investigated the effect of SH on the alloimmune response in a murine cardiac transplantation model. METHODS.: CBA mice underwent transplantation of a C57BL/10 heart and received a short course of SH treatment. Survival of the allograft was recorded. An adoptive transfer study was performed to determine whether regulatory cells were generated. Immunohistochemistry studies of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 ( ICAM-1), histological, cell-proliferation, and cytokine assessments were performed. RESULTS.: Untreated CBA mice rejected C57BL/10 cardiac grafts acutely (median survival time [MST], 8 days). In mice given 10 mg/kg of SH, all allografts survived indefinitely (MST, >100 days); these mice also had significantly prolonged survival of donor-specific skin grafts but acute rejection of third-party skin grafts. Secondary CBA recipients given not only whole but also CD4 splenocytes from primary SH-treated CBA recipients with C57BL/10 cardiac allograft had indefinite survival of C57BL/10 hearts (MST, >100 days). SH inhibited upregulation of ICAM-1 on endothelial cells in the allografts. Graft acceptance and hyporesponsiveness were confirmed by the histological and cell-proliferation studies, respectively. Production of interleukin-4 and interleukin-10 from splenocytes of SH-treated transplant recipients increased compared to that from splenocytes of untreated recipients. CONCLUSION.: SH induced indefinite survival of fully allogeneic cardiac allografts, generated CD4 regulatory cells, inhibited ICAM-1 expression in the allografts, and upregulated IL-4 and IL-10 production.[1]


  1. Induction of indefinite survival of fully mismatched cardiac allografts and generation of regulatory cells by sarpogrelate hydrochloride. Akiyoshi, T., Zhang, Q., Inoue, F., Aramaki, O., Hatano, M., Shimazu, M., Kitajima, M., Shirasugi, N., Niimi, M. Transplantation (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities