The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

State and trait related predictors of serum cortisol to DHEA(S) molar ratios and hormone concentrations in schizophrenia patients.

OBJECTIVE:: In previous studies we have demonstrated high serum molar ratios of cortisol to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate ester (DHEAS) [together abbreviated DHEA(S)], and the value of both cortisol/DHEA(S) molar ratios for prediction of responsivity to antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia patients. The present study aimed to examine the contribution of anxiety, and severity of symptoms to the prediction of serum cortisol, DHEA(S) levels and two molar ratios across three examinations. METHOD:: Serum concentrations of cortisol and DHEA(S)were examined in 43 schizophrenia inpatients and in 20 age matched healthy controls at baseline, and after 2 and 4 weeks. The Positive and Negative Symptom Scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory scores were used as independent variables for multiple regression analysis. RESULTS:: Despite clinical improvement during the study period cortisol/DHEA(S) molar ratios were found persistently elevated as compared to healthy controls. Multiple regression analysis reveled that across three examinations cortisol/DHEA(S) molar ratios negatively associated with trait-anxiety (partial R(2)=7-14%) rather than with negative symptoms (partial R(2)=3-6%). Age and age of onset account for 12.7% for variability of cortisol/DHEAS ratio. Serum cortisol concentrations are predicted by trait and state-anxiety, activation symptoms and daily doses of antipsychotics. A small portion of variability in serum DHEA levels (R(2)=9%) is associated with symptom severity, while DHEAS levels were predicted by age at examination and age of onset. CONCLUSION:: Elevated serum cortisol/DHEA(S) molar ratios were attributed to trait-anxiety and age rather than to clinical symptoms. The findings may indicate persistent dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis that is independent of the patients' clinical state.[1]


  1. State and trait related predictors of serum cortisol to DHEA(S) molar ratios and hormone concentrations in schizophrenia patients. Ritsner, M., Gibel, A., Maayan, R., Ratner, Y., Ram, E., Modai, I., Weizman, A. European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (2007) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities