The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of PPARalpha lowers synthesis and concentration of cholesterol by reduction of nuclear SREBP-2.

To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the cholesterol lowering effects of PPARalpha agonists we investigated key regulators of cholesterol synthesis and uptake in rats and in the rat hepatoma cell line Fao after treatment with the PPARalpha agonists clofibrate and WY 14,643, respectively. In rat liver as well as in Fao cells, PPARalpha activation led to a decrease of transcriptionally active nuclear SREBP-2. mRNA concentrations of the key regulators of SREBP processing, Insig-1 in rat liver and Insig-1 and Insig-2a in Fao cells, were increased upon PPARalpha activation. Thus we suggest, that the observed reduction of the amount of nuclear SREBP-2 was due to an inhibition of the processing of the precursor protein. Both, in rat liver and in Fao cells, mRNA concentrations of the SREBP-2 target genes HMG-CoA reductase (EC1.1.1.34) and LDL receptor were reduced after treatment with the PPARalpha agonists. Furthermore, treatment of Fao cells with WY 14,643 reduced cholesterol synthesis. As a result, the amount of total cholesterol in liver, plasma and lipoproteins of clofibrate treated rats and in WY 14,643 treated Fao cells was decreased compared to control animals and cells, respectively. In conclusion, we could show a novel link between PPARalpha and cholesterol metabolism by demonstrating that PPARalpha activation lowers cholesterol concentration by reducing the abundance of nuclear SREBP-2.[1]


  1. Activation of PPARalpha lowers synthesis and concentration of cholesterol by reduction of nuclear SREBP-2. K??nig, B., Koch, A., Spielmann, J., Hilgenfeld, C., Stangl, G.I., Eder, K. Biochem. Pharmacol. (2007) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities