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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

High-Level Resistance to Cobalt and Nickel but Probably No Transenvelope Efflux: Metal Resistance in the Cuban Serratia marcescens Strain C-1.

Molecular mechanisms underlying inducible cobalt and nickel resistance of a bacterial strain isolated from a Cuban serpentine deposit were investigated. This strain C-1 was assigned to Serratia marcescens by 16S rDNA analysis and DNA/DNA hybridization. Genes involved in metal resistance were identified by transposon mutagenesis followed by selection for cobalt- and nickel-sensitive derivatives. The transposon insertion causing the highest decrease in metal resistance was located in the ncrABC determinant. The predicted NcrA product was a NreB ortholog of the major facilitator protein superfamily and central for cobalt/nickel resistance in S. marcescens strain C-1. NcrA also mediated metal resistance in Escherichia coli and caused decreased accumulation of Co(II) and Ni(II) in this heterologous host. NcrB may be a regulatory protein. NcrC was a protein of the nickel-cobalt transport (NiCoT) protein family and necessary for full metal resistance in E. coli, but only when NcrA was also present. Without NcrA, NcrC caused a slight decrease in metal resistance and mediated increased accumulation of Ni(II) and Co(II). Because the cytoplasmic metal concentration can be assumed to be the result of a flow equilibrium of uptake and efflux processes, this interplay between metal uptake system NcrC and metal efflux system NcrA may contribute to nickel and cobalt resistance in this bacterium.[1]


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