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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neuronal vulnerability of CLN3 deletion to calcium-induced cytotoxicity is mediated by calsenilin.

Calsenilin/DREAM/ KChIP3, a neuronal Ca(2+)-binding protein, has multifunctions in nucleus and cytosol. Here, we identified CLN3 as a calsenilin- binding partner whose mutation or deletion is observed in Batten disease. In vitro binding and immunoprecipitation assays show that calsenilin interacts with the C-terminal region of CLN3 and the increase of Ca(2+) concentration in vitro and in cells causes significant dissociation of calsenilin from CLN3. Ectopic expression of CLN3 or its deletion mutant containing only the C-terminus (153-438) and capable of binding to calsenilin suppresses thapsigargin or A23187-induced death of neuronal cells. In contrast, CLN3 deletion mutant containing the N-terminus (1-153) or (1-263), which is frequently found in Batten disease, induces the perturbation of Ca(2+) transient and fails to inhibit the cell death. In addition, the expression of calsenilin is increased in the brain tissues of CLN3 knock-out mice and SH-SY5Y/ CLN3 knock-down cells. Down-regulation of CLN3 expression sensitizes SH-SY5Y cells to thapsigargin or A23187. However, additional decrease of calsenilin expression rescues the sensitivity of SH-SY5Y/ CLN3 knock-down cells to Ca(2+)-mediated cell death. These results suggest that the vulnerability of CLN3 knock-out or CLN3 deletion (1-153)-expressing neuronal cells to Ca(2+)-induced cell death may be mediated by calsenilin.[1]


  1. Neuronal vulnerability of CLN3 deletion to calcium-induced cytotoxicity is mediated by calsenilin. Chang, J.W., Choi, H., Kim, H.J., Jo, D.G., Jeon, Y.J., Noh, J.Y., Park, W.J., Jung, Y.K. Hum. Mol. Genet. (2007) [Pubmed]
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