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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Introduction of a nuclear marker for phylogenetic analysis of nepenthaceae.

Nepenthaceae, the pitcher plants of the Old World tropics show a remarkable diversity in SE Asia, especially on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. This region is considered as a secondary center of diversity. Sequence analysis of the cpDNA TRNK intron supports this hypothesis showing the species of the Malay Archipelago as neighbour group to the isolated species from Sri Lanka, the Seychelles, and Madagascar. Based on phylogenetic reconstructions an origin of recent Nepenthaceae in the Indian subcontinent is assumed. A recent investigation focused on a non-plastid, translocated copy of the TRNK intron has revealed an incongruence to tree topology based on the cpDNA TRNK intron. Although the translocated copy emerged as insufficient for phylogenetic reconstruction of Nepenthaceae some taxa showed, contrary to the cpDNA dataset, relatively high distances to the rest of the taxa. These results indicated that the phylogeny of the TRNK intron could not reflect true phylogenetic relationships. We investigated the peptide transferase 1 (PTR1), to develop a phylogenetic marker that is based on a nuclear low copy gene in Nepenthes. All sequences obtained were probably functional, indicated by the ratio of point mutations of the single codon positions in exon and intron regions. Comparative analysis showed that this locus is of similar variability as the cpDNA TRNK intron and, contrary to the translocated copy of TRNK, potential useful for phylogenetic reconstruction. While in parts congruent to the plastid TRNK intron phylogeny, a higher divergence of some sequences in PRT1 and in the previously reported, non cpDNA dataset indicates that remnants of an older species stock persisted east of Wallace's line and on the Sunda Shelf. This suggests that plastid haplotypes existing today in the main distribution center of the Nepenthaceae could be descendants of more recently dispersed lineages that had been transmitted to an old species stock.[1]


  1. Introduction of a nuclear marker for phylogenetic analysis of nepenthaceae. Meimberg, H., Heubl, G. Plant biology (Stuttgart, Germany) (2006) [Pubmed]
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