The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prevention of Life-Threatening Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia by a Novel and Pure Class-III Agent, Nifekalant Hydrochloride.

ABSTRACT:: Nifekalant hydrochloride (NIF) is a novel intravenous class-III antiarrhythmic agent with a pirimidinedione structure that purely blocks the Kchannel without inhibiting beta-adrenergic receptors. The authors investigated the efficacy of NIF for refractory ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF). They studied 30 patients treated with an intravenous infusion of NIF [ 26 men, 4 women; age: 63 +/- 17 (mean +/- SD) years] at a dose of 0.19 +/- 0.14 mg/kg body weight per hour. Sixteen were patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and 14 were patients with chronic structural heart disease (Chr-HD). Amiodarone and sotalol had already been administered to 9 patients with Chr-HD before the administration of NIF. The QT and T peak-end (Tp-e) intervals were measured and corrected by Bazett's method (QTc, cTp-e). The left ventricular ejection fraction was depressed (28 +/- 9%). NIF was effective for preventing VT/VF without proarrhythmia and hemodynamic deterioration in 21 patients (70%; 12 with ACS; 9 with Chr-HD), but ineffective in 4 patients (all with Chr-HD). The QTc prolongation in the responders was more pronounced than in the nonresponders (25% +/- 15% versus 5% +/- 7% increase; P < 0.05). Proarrhythmic torsade de pointes (TdP) developed transiently in the remaining 5 patients in whom the cTp-e was markedly increased compared with that in the responders (93% +/- 49% versus 37% +/- 41% increase; P < 0.05). In conclusion, these findings indicate that the intravenous administration of NIF is useful in the emergent treatment of inhibiting drug-refractory VT/VF, although proarrhythmic TdP owing to an enhancement of transmural dispersion of repolarization needs to be taken into account.[1]


  1. Prevention of Life-Threatening Ventricular Tachyarrhythmia by a Novel and Pure Class-III Agent, Nifekalant Hydrochloride. Ohashi, J., Yasuda, S., Miyazaki, S., Shimizu, W., Morii, I., Kurita, T., Kawamura, A., Kamakura, S., Nonogi, H. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. (2006) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities