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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of the Formyl Peptide Receptor 2 in Microglia by IFN-{gamma} and Synergy with CD40 Ligand.

Human formyl peptide receptor (FPR)-like 1 (FPRL1) and its mouse homologue mFPR2 are functional receptors for a variety of exogenous and host-derived chemotactic peptides, including amyloid beta 1-42 (Abeta(42)), a pathogenic factor in Alzheimer's disease. Because mFPR2 in microglial cells is regulated by proinflammatory stimulants including TLR agonists, in this study we investigated the capacity of IFN-gamma and the CD40 ligand (CD40L) to affect the expression and function of mFPR2. We found that IFN-gamma, when used alone, induced mFPR2 mRNA expression in a mouse microglial cell line and primary microglial cells in association with increased cell migration in response to mFPR2 agonists, including Abeta(42). IFN-gamma also increased the endocytosis of Abeta(42) by microglial cells via mFPR2. The effect of IFN-gamma on mFPR2 expression in microglial cells was dependent on activation of MAPK and IkappaB-alpha. IFN-gamma additionally increased the expression of CD40 by microglial cells and soluble CD40L significantly promoted cell responses to IFN-gamma during a 6-h incubation period by enhancing the activation of MAPK and IkappaB-alpha signaling pathways. We additionally found that the effect of IFN-gamma and its synergy with CD40L on mFPR2 expression in microglia was mediated in part by TNF-alpha. Our results suggest that IFN-gamma and CD40L, two host-derived factors with increased concentrations in inflammatory central nervous system diseases, may profoundly affect microglial cell responses in the pathogenic process in which mFPR2 agonist peptides are elevated.[1]


  1. Induction of the Formyl Peptide Receptor 2 in Microglia by IFN-{gamma} and Synergy with CD40 Ligand. Chen, K., Iribarren, P., Huang, J., Zhang, L., Gong, W., Cho, E.H., Lockett, S., Dunlop, N.M., Wang, J.M. J. Immunol. (2007) [Pubmed]
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