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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Aspirin augments 15-epi-lipoxin A(4) production by lipopolysaccharide, but blocks the pioglitazone and atorvastatin induction of 15-epi-lipoxin A(4) in the rat heart.

Aspirin ( ASA) inhibits cycloxygenase-1 and modifies cycloxygenase-2 ( COX2) by acetylation at Ser(530), leading to a shift from production of PGH(2), the precursor of prostaglandin, to 15-R-HETE which is converted by 5-lipoxygenase to 15-epi-lipoxin A(4) (15-epi-LXA4), a potent anti-inflammatory mediator. Both atorvastatin (ATV) and pioglitazone (PIO) increase COX2 expression. ATV activates COX2 by S-nitrosylation at Cys(526) to produce 15-epi-LXA4 and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) (the stable metabolite of PGI(2)). We assessed the effect of ASA on the myocardial production of 15-epi-LXA4 and PGI(2) after induction by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or PIO+ATV. Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with: control; ASA 10mg/kg; ASA 50mg/kg; LPS alone; LPS+ASA 10mg/kg; LPS+ASA 50mg/kg; LPS+ASA 200mg/kg; PIO (10mg/kg/d)+ATV (10mg/kg/d); PIO+ATV+ASA 10mg/kg; PIO+ATV+ASA 50mg/kg; PIO+ATV+ASA 50mg/kg+1400W, a specific iNOS inhibitor; or PIO+ATV+1400W. ASA alone had no effect on myocardial 15-epi-LXA4. LPS increased 15-epi-LXA4 and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) levels. ASA (50mg/kg and 200mg/kg, but not 10mg/kg) augmented the LPS effect on 15-epi-LXA4 but attenuated the effect on 6-keto-PGF(1alpha). PIO+ATV increased 15-epi-LXA4 and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) levels. ASA and 1400W attenuated the effects of PIO+ATV on 15-epi-LXA4 and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha). However, when both ASA and 1400W were administered with PIO+ATV, there was a marked increase in 15-epi-LXA4, whereas the production of 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) was attenuated. In conclusion, COX2 acetylation by ASA shifts enzyme from producing 6-keto-PGF(1alpha) to 15-epi-LXA4. In contrast, S-nitrosylation by PIO+ASA augments the production of both 15-epi-LXA4 and 6-keto-PGF(1alpha). However, when COX2 is both acetylated and S-nitrosylated, it is inactivated. We suggest potential adverse interactions among statins, thiazolidinediones, and high-dose ASA.[1]

References

  1. Aspirin augments 15-epi-lipoxin A(4) production by lipopolysaccharide, but blocks the pioglitazone and atorvastatin induction of 15-epi-lipoxin A(4) in the rat heart. Birnbaum, Y., Ye, Y., Lin, Y., Freeberg, S.Y., Huang, M.H., Perez-Polo, J.R., Uretsky, B.F. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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