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Regulation of Function by Dimerization through the Amino-terminal Membrane-spanning Domain of Human ABCC1/MRP1.

Overexpression of some ATP-binding cassette (ABC) membrane transporters such as ABCB1/P-glycoprotein/MDR1 and ABCC1/MRP1 causes multidrug resistance in cancer chemotherapy. It has been thought that half-ABC transporters with one nucleotide-binding domain and one membrane-spanning domain (MSD) likely work as dimers, whereas full-length transporters with two nucleotide-binding domains and two or three MSDs function as monomers. In this study, we examined the oligomeric status of the human full-length ABC transporter ABCC1/MRP1 using several biochemical approaches. We found 1) that it is a homodimer, 2) that the dimerization domain is located in the amino-terminal MSD0L0 (where L0 is loop 0) region, and 3) that MSD0L0 has a dominant-negative function when coexpressed with wild-type ABCC1/MRP1. These findings suggest that ABCC1/MRP1 may exist and function as a dimer and that MSD0L0 likely plays some structural and regulatory functions. It is also tempting to propose that the MSD0L0-mediated dimerization may be targeted for therapeutic development to sensitize ABCC1/MRP1-mediated drug resistance in cancer chemotherapy.[1]

References

  1. Regulation of Function by Dimerization through the Amino-terminal Membrane-spanning Domain of Human ABCC1/MRP1. Yang, Y., Liu, Y., Dong, Z., Xu, J., Peng, H., Liu, Z., Zhang, J.T. J. Biol. Chem. (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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