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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Contribution to ligand binding by multiple carbohydrate-recognition domains in the macrophage mannose receptor.

The extracellular portion of the macrophage mannose receptor is composed of several cysteine-rich domains, including a fibronectin type II repeat and eight segments related in sequence to Ca(2+)-dependent carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs) of animal lectins. Expression of portions of the receptor in vitro, in fibroblasts and in bacteria, has been used to determine which of the extracellular domains are involved in binding and endocytosis of ligand. The NH2-terminal cysteine-rich domain and the fibronectin type II repeat are not necessary for endocytosis of mannose-terminated glycoproteins. CRDs 1-3 have at most very weak affinity for carbohydrate, so the carbohydrate binding activity of the receptor resides in CRDs 4-8. CRD 4 shows the highest affinity binding and has multispecificity for a variety of monosaccharides. However, CRD 4 alone cannot account for the binding of the receptor to glycoproteins. At least 3 CRDs (4, 5, and 7) are required for high affinity binding and endocytosis of multivalent glycoconjugates. In this respect, the mannose receptor is like other carbohydrate-binding proteins, in which several CRDs, each with weak affinity for single sugars, are clustered to achieve high affinity binding to oligosaccharides. In the mannose receptor, these multiple weak interactions are achieved through several active CRDs in a single polypeptide chain rather than by oligomerization of polypeptides each containing a single CRD.[1]


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