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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Manganese-enhanced MRI of human choroidal melanoma xenografts.

PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that the structure and function of an experimental human choroidal melanoma xenograft and neighboring non-tumor-bearing retina can be simultaneously assessed by using manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI). METHODS: Spheroids grown from the human choroidal melanoma cell line C918 were implanted in the superior suprachoroidal space of 11 WAG/Nij-rnu nude rats. Two weeks later, MRI data were collected 4 hours after intraperitoneal injection of saline or MnCl(2), an MRI contrast agent that can act as a biomarker of cellular demand for ions, such as calcium. The following parameters were measured: (1) tumor signal intensity, (2) inner and outer retinal signal intensity in non-tumor-bearing inferior retina, and (3) whole and inner retinal thickness of inferior retina. Separate MEMRI experiments were performed on spheroids in vitro after MnCl(2) exposure and washing. RESULTS: In vitro, spheroids exposed to MnCl(2) retained sufficient Mn(2+) to demonstrate contrast enhancement during MEMRI. In vivo, injection of MnCl(2) resulted in a 30% increase in tumor signal intensity compared with tumors in rats injected with saline (P < 0.05). In inferior retina of tumor-bearing eyes, outer retinal signal intensity increased by 17% relative to a similar region in control eyes (P < 0.05), but there was no change in the inferior inner retinal intensity. Total retinal thickness of the inferior retina in the tumor-bearing eyes increased by 8%, compared with that in the non-tumor-bearing eyes (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The present identification of regions of enhanced Mn(2+) uptake in choroidal melanoma and a somewhat unexpected edema and increased outer retinal ion demand in neighboring non-tumor-bearing retina highlights MEMRI as a potentially powerful method for noninvasively monitoring tumor progression and treatment response and efficacy.[1]


  1. Manganese-enhanced MRI of human choroidal melanoma xenografts. Braun, R.D., Gradianu, M., Vistisen, K.S., Roberts, R.L., Berkowitz, B.A. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (2007) [Pubmed]
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