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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of RANTES and MCP-1 in epithelial cells is regulated via LMP1 and CD40.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated undifferentiated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is characterized by a prominent nonneoplastic lymphoid stroma. The functional role of these inflammatory cells and the mechanism of their recruitment are not fully understood. In B-cells, the EBV-encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) can induce the expression of chemokines in an NF-kappaB dependent manner. We now show that LMP1 can induce the expression of RANTES and MCP-1 in an epithelial cell line, and that this effect is partially reversible by an inhibitor of NF-kappaB. Since tumor cells of virtually all NPCs show CD40 expression while many cases are LMP1-negative at the protein level, we also investigated the effect of CD40 signaling and demonstrate that CD40 stimulation can transiently induce RANTES and MCP-1 expression in LMP1-negative epithelial cells. In in situ hybridization only rare tumor cells showed expression of these chemokines unrelated to LMP1 expression, a pattern consistent with transient induction through CD40 signaling. Since RANTES and MCP-1 were also detected in the neoplastic cells of oral squamous cell carcinomas lacking a lymphoid stroma it remains uncertain to what extent these CC chemokines contribute to the attraction of inflammatory cells into the NPC microenvironment.[1]


  1. Expression of RANTES and MCP-1 in epithelial cells is regulated via LMP1 and CD40. Buettner, M., Meyer, B., Schreck, S., Niedobitek, G. Int. J. Cancer (2007) [Pubmed]
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