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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The catalytic effect of bovine serum albumin on the ortho rearrangement of the potential ultimate carcinogen, N-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene, generated enzymatically from N-hydroxy-2-(acetylamino)fluorene and evidence for substrate specificity of the enzymatic sulfonation of arylhydroxamic acids.

This investigation examines the catalytic effect of bovine serum albumin on the ortho rearrangement of the possible ultimate carcinogen, N-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene, generated from N-hydroxy-2-(acetylamino)fluorene by the sulfotransferase(s) in the cytosol of rat liver. With various preparations of cytosol, 55-75% of the substrate, N-hydroxy-2-(acetylamino)-fluorene, was found to rearrange to the nonmutagenic and noncarcinogenic o-(sulfooxy) esters, 1- and 3-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene, in the presence of bovine serum albumin, while less than 1% of the substrate rearranged in its absence. In presence of bovine serum albumin the cytosolic reduction of N-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene to 2-(acetylamino)fluorene decreased by 60-90% and its solvolytic degradation to 4-hydroxy-2-(acetylamino)fluorene by 80-90%. The covalent interaction of enzymatically generated N-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene with the nucleophilic acceptors, N-acetyl-L-methionine and guanosine, was lowered by greater than 90% by addition of bovine serum albumin. These measurements indicated that the albumin-catalyzed ortho rearrangement controls the rates of concurrent metabolic and degradative reactions of N-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene. The results are in agreement with previous findings of a catalytic effect of serum albumin on the ortho rearrangement of synthetic N-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene. In contrast to its catalytic effect on the formation of o-(sulfooxy) esters from N-(sulfooxy)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene, bovine serum albumin had no effect on the formation of o-(acetylamino)fluorenols. To assess the substrate specificity of bovine serum albumin, its effect on the rearrangement of N-hydroxy-2-(benzoylamino)fluorene, a carcinogenic analogue of N-hydroxy-2-(acetylamino)fluorene, was analyzed under conditions of cytosolic sulfonation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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