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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Repetitive sequences with homology to Bradyrhizobium japonicum DNA and the T-DNA of Agrobacterium rhizogenes are closely linked to nodABC of Rhizobium fredii USDA257.

We have detected strong homology between a 9.2-kb EcoRI restriction fragment from Rhizobium fredii USDA257 that contains nodABC and eight additional EcoRI fragments in DNA digests from this organism. A series of repetitive sequences responsible for this hybridization lies within a 0.95-kb HindIII/SalI subfragment about 1-kb upstream of nodA. This subfragment also hybridizes to multiple restriction fragments from nine other strains of R. fredii, but only one is common to all strains. The 0.95-kb subfragment does not hybridize to genomic DNA from 17 other strains of fast-growing rhizobia, but there is weak homology to two fragments from Rhizobium sp. strain NGR234. We sequenced 2,432 base pairs (bp) of the region encompassing the repetitive sequences. It contains 65 separate 8- to 11-bp inverted and direct repeats, as well as two large open reading frames (ORFs) that overlap on opposite strands. ORF1 reads in the same direction as nodABC, contains 1,071 bp, and encodes a 40.6-kD protein. It has 74% sequence homology to an ORF within the T-DNA of Agrobacterium rhizogenes and similar homology to a series of repetitive sequences from Bradyrhizobium japonicum. ORF2 (981 bp) reads in the opposite direction, encodes a 34.7-kD protein, and has partial identity with a second ORF from A. rhizogenes. We could detect no poly(A)+ nodule transcripts with homology to ORF1 and ORF2. The eight sets of repetitive sequences found in other EcoRI fragments of the genome were cloned from USDA257 on separate cosmids. Some of these cosmids appear to overlap, and two have fragments with homology to nifKDH.[1]


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