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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Altered response of progeria fibroblasts to epidermal growth factor.

The Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome (progeria) is a rare disorder in childhood characterized by premature and accelerated aging. This study reports the effect of a potent growth factor, EGF, on the proliferative capacities and extracellular matrix macromolecules and collagenase expression of two strains of progeria skin-derived cells. At low population doubling levels (PDL less than 10), confluent cultures of progeria fibroblasts made quiescent by lowering the concentration of serum in the medium did not respond to EGF while the mitotic activity of normal PDL-matched fibroblasts was almost maximally restored upon addition of EGF. No obvious difference between normal and low PDL progeria fibroblasts was observed in the number and in the affinity of the receptors measured by [125I]EGF binding. The synthesis of collagen and non-collagen proteins was similar in normal and affected cells at low and high serum concentration and both types of cells responded to EGF by a specific inhibition of collagen synthesis. Besides a normal level of mRNA coding for type I and type III collagens, collagenase and laminin, progeria fibroblasts expressed a high level of elastin and type IV collagen mRNA. Like normal fibroblasts, progeria cells responded to EGF by a decrease in the level of mRNA for fibrillar collagens and elastin. In contrast, a complete lack of response to EGF was observed for collagenase mRNA whereas the expression of this enzyme was strikingly induced by EGF in normal PDL-matched cells. The abnormal expression of type IV collagen was not significantly modified by EGF. At PDL greater than 10, progeria cells exhibited features of senescence. A significant reduction of collagen synthesis was observed and no further inhibition by EGF was recorded.[1]


  1. Altered response of progeria fibroblasts to epidermal growth factor. Colige, A., Nusgens, B., Lapiere, C.M. J. Cell. Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
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