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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Resolution of simian virus 40 proteins in whole cell extracts by two-dimensional electrophoresis: heterogeneity of the major capsid protein.

The major capsid protein ( VP1) of simian virus 40 (SV40) has been analyzed by two-dimensional electrophoresis. This system separates protein according to isoelectric point by isoelectric-focusing, and according to molecular weight by sodium dodecylsulphate electrophoresis (O'Farrell, 1975). VP1 synthesis in infected CV-1 cells can be monitored directly by analysis of unfractionated whole cell extracts; the resolution of VP1 from cellular proteins allows its detection as early as 13 hr after infection. The two-dimensional separation of VP1 reveals that it is heterogeneous, consisting of one major protein (molecular weight 47,000 daltons and isoelectric point of approximately pH 6.8) and five minor protein components. The minor forms of VP1 are 10% of the total VP1 and differ from the major form of VP1 both in molecular weight (by approximately 500 daltons) and isoelectric point (ranging from approximately pH 6.7 to pH 6.9). Evidence is presented to show that two of the minor forms are phosphorylated derivatives of VP1, and it is further suggested that all the different forms of VP1 are the result of modifications of the primary product of translation. A temperature-sensitive mutant of the BC complementation group (BC11) of SV40 results in the synthesis of VP1 with an altered electrophoretic mobility; both the major form of VP1 and the minor forms are shifted in their isoelectric points. In addition to the specific case of SV40, two aspects of these studies should be generally significant to investigators studying eucaryotic gene expression by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis: first, the genetic origin of a protein can be determined by a temperature-sensitive mutation which causes a charge change in the resultant protein; and second, two or more protein spots on a two-dimensional separation may be the products of a single gene.[1]


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