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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Therapeutic analysis of melphalan-resistant human rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft TE-671 MR.

Investigations with the melphalan-resistant human rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft TE-671 MR were carried out to identify patterns of cross-resistance and collateral sensitivity and to define the mechanism(s) mediating melphalan resistance. TE-671 MR was cross-resistant to thio-TEPA, mitomycin, vincristine, and cisplatin, and partially resistant to chlorambucil and cyclophosphamide. TE-671 MR and the parent line TE-671 were both resistant to 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-nitrosourea and expressed similar levels of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase. TE-671 MR retained full sensitivity to actinomycin D and demonstrated enhanced sensitivity to VP-16 compared to TE-671. Treatment of TE-671 MR with melphalan plus VP-16 resulted in greater than additive growth delays. The frequency of hypoxic regions was similar in TE-671 MR and TE-671, respectively. Measurement of tumor-to-plasma levels at 180 min following i.p. administration of melphalan at 0.5 of the 10% lethal dosage showed mean tumor-to-plasma ratios of 3.81 in TE-671 MR and 7.38 in TE-671, respectively. The lower drug levels in TE-671 MR may be contributing to the resistance to melphalan and thus indicate the need for further studies to define the reasons for these differences in tumor drug level.[1]

References

  1. Therapeutic analysis of melphalan-resistant human rhabdomyosarcoma xenograft TE-671 MR. Lilley, E.R., Elion, G.B., Dewhirst, M.W., Schold, S.C., Blum, M.R., Savina, P.M., Laskowitz, D.T., Bigner, D.D., Friedman, H.S. Cancer Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
 
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