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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rosiglitazone counteracts palmitate-induced beta-cell dysfunction by suppression of MAP kinase, inducible nitric oxide synthase and caspase 3 activities.

Chronic exposure of pancreatic islets to elevated levels of palmitate leads to beta-cell dysfunction. We examined possible involvement of mitogenactivated protein kinases (MAPKs) and caspase-3 in palmitate-induced beta-cell dysfunction and tested the influence of the anti-diabetic drug rosiglitazone (ROZ). Palmitate amplified glucose-stimulated augmentation of intracellular free calcium ([Ca2+]i) and insulin secretion in incubated islets. ROZ suppressed this amplification, whereas it modestly augmented glucose-induced increase in these events. ROZ suppressed short-term palmitate-induced phosphorylation of pro-apoptotic MAPKs, i.e., SAPK/JNK and p38. Long-term islet culturing with palmitate induced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and activated SAPK/JNK-p38. ROZ counteracted these effects. Both palmitate and cytokines activated caspase-3 in MIN6c4-cells and isolated islets. ROZ suppressed palmitate- but not cytokine-induced caspase-3 activation. Finally, after palmitate culturing, ROZ reversed the inhibitory effect on glucose-stimulated insulin release. We suggest that ROZ counteracts palmitateinduced deleterious effects on beta-cell function via suppression of iNOS, pro-apoptotic MAPKs and caspase-3 activities, as evidenced by restoration of glucose-stimulated insulin release.[1]


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