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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alpha-actinin-4 is selectively required for insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation.

Insulin induces GLUT4 translocation to the muscle cell surface. Using differential amino acid labeling and mass spectrometry, we observed insulin-dependent co-precipitation of actinin-4 (ACTN4) with GLUT4 (Foster, L. J., Rudich, A., Talior, I., Patel, N., Huang, X., Furtado, L. M., Bilan, P. J., Mann, M., and Klip, A. (2006) J. Proteome Res. 5, 64-75). ACTN4 links F-actin to membrane proteins, and actin dynamics are essential for GLUT4 translocation. We hypothesized that ACTN4 may contribute to insulin-regulated GLUT4 traffic. In L6 muscle cells insulin, but not platelet-derived growth factor, increased co-precipitation of ACTN4 with GLUT4. Small interfering RNA-mediated ACTN4 knockdown abolished the gain in surface-exposed GLUT4 elicited by insulin but not by platelet-derived growth factor, membrane depolarization, or mitochondrial uncoupling. In contrast, knockdown of alpha-actinin-1 (ACTN1) did not prevent GLUT4 translocation by insulin. GLUT4 colocalized with ACTN4 along the insulin-induced cortical actin mesh and ACTN4 knockdown prevented GLUT4-actin colocalization without impeding actin remodeling or Akt phosphorylation, maintaining GLUT4 in a tight perinuclear location. We propose that ACTN4 contributes to GLUT4 traffic, likely by tethering GLUT4 vesicles to the cortical actin cytoskeleton.[1]


  1. Alpha-actinin-4 is selectively required for insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation. Talior-Volodarsky, I., Randhawa, V.K., Zaid, H., Klip, A. J. Biol. Chem. (2008) [Pubmed]
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