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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the chlA locus of Escherichia coli K12: involvement of molybdenum cofactor.

The chlA locus encodes functions required for the biosynthesis of the molybdopterin part of the molybdenum cofactor. Mutants, carrying gene fusions at the chlA locus, which place beta-galactosidase expression under the control of the chlA promoter, have been isolated employing lambda placMu1 as the mutagen. The mutants exhibited beta-galactosidase expression which was greatly enhanced when grown anaerobically. Secondary mutations at the chlB, D, E or G loci did not affect the high level of expression. The fnr gene product was not required for the anaerobic expression. Bacteriophage lambda transducing phages were isolated which carried the phi(chlA-lac) mutations and were used to construct chlA+/phi(clA-lac) merodiploids. The merodiploids exhibited a much lower level of expression but showed the same characteristics as strains carrying lac fusions to the single chromosomal chlA locus. Genetic evidence is presented which strongly suggests that the molybdenum cofactor is a repressor of chlA expression. The anaerobic enhancement of chlA expression is mediated via a mechanism that is distinct from the molybdenum cofactor effect.[1]


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