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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sildenafil improves survival in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (IPAH) is a serious disorder of unknown etiology with limited therapeutic options. Sildenafil has been shown to decrease symptoms, improve hemodynamics and quality of life. Its impact on survival is uncertain. We studied the efficacy of sildenafil in improving survival in patients with IPAH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data on survival of patients with IPAH was collected from prospectively maintained registry at our hospital from January 1999 to December 2005. Thirty nine patients who were treated with conventional therapy including digoxin, diuretics, anticoagulants and calcium channel blockers prior to January 2001 served as historical controls (control group). One hundred and thirty nine patients received sildenafil additionally from January 2001 (sildenafil group). All patients in sildenafil group showed improvement in symptoms. Survival of patients in sildenafil group was significantly better compared to historical controls receiving only conventional therapy. It was 89%, 43% and 19% in the control group Vs 93%, 75% and 54% in the sildenafil group at the end of 1, 3 and 5 years respectively (P Value=0.0002). Sildenafil was well tolerated and none of the patients had to discontinue the treatment. CONCLUSION: Sildenafil when added to conventional therapy improves symptoms as well as survival significantly compared to conventional therapy alone. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to evaluate its impact on survival when used either alone or in combination with other drugs.[1]


  1. Sildenafil improves survival in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension. Sastry, B.K., Raju, B.S., Narasimhan, C., Prakash, G.S., Reddy, N.K., Ananad, B. Indian. Heart. J (2007) [Pubmed]
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