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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and characterization of the Bacillus sphaericus genes controlling the bioconversion of pimelate into dethiobiotin.

Using 8.8 kb of genetic information from Bacillus sphaericus, it was possible to confer to Escherichia coli bio- strains, including delta bioA-D, bioC-, bioH-, the ability to convert exogenous pimelate into biotin. The bio genes were borne on two recombinant plasmids with inserts of 4.3 kb and 4.5 kb, which had been isolated from a genomic bank of HindIII-digested B. sphaericus DNA, by phenotypic complementation of various E. coli bio mutants. The B. sphaericus bioD and bioA genes were unambiguously identified within the 4.3-kb insert and shown to be closely linked to bioY (coding for a protein with a presently unknown function) and to bioB [Ohsawa et al., Gene 80 (1989) 39-48]. These genes are clustered in the order bioDAYB. The 4.5-kb fragment contains genetic information for three different proteins, the products of bioX, bioW and bioF. Complementation studies using an E. coli bioF mutant and a B. subtilis bio112TG3 strain, revealed that the third ORF of this cluster encodes 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid synthetase. A combination of bioW and bioF allows an efficient complementation of E. coli bioC and bioH mutants, provided that pimelate is added to the biotin-depleted growth medium. No function could be identified for the product of bioX. The gene order of this cluster is bioXWF. By sequence analysis, the two cloned DNA fragments were shown to bear overlapping open reading frames and secondary structures at their 3' ends, typical of transcription terminators.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Cloning and characterization of the Bacillus sphaericus genes controlling the bioconversion of pimelate into dethiobiotin. Gloeckler, R., Ohsawa, I., Speck, D., Ledoux, C., Bernard, S., Zinsius, M., Villeval, D., Kisou, T., Kamogawa, K., Lemoine, Y. Gene (1990) [Pubmed]
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