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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Atrial strain is the main determinant of release of atrial natriuretic peptide.

We studied the response of atrial natriuretic peptide to the hemodynamic and renin-aldosterone variations occurring in four patients who developed cardiac tamponade, either occurring in idiopathic fashion in one or secondary to metastatic involvement of the pericardium in three. Right atrial pressure, heart rate and arterial blood pressure were monitored and serial blood samples were taken before and over three hours after pericardiocentesis. During cardiac tamponade, normal levels of atrial natriuretic peptide (mean +/- SEM: 54 +/- 7.4 pg/ml) were observed in the plasma despite increased right atrial pressure (23 +/- 3.8 cm H2O) and heart rates (98 +/- 4.4). Removal of pericardial fluid (540 to 1160 ml) was associated at first with a 200% increase in plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide (108 +/- 8.8 pg/ml; P less than 0.001), then with a gradual decline toward normal levels, simultaneous with the normalization of right atrial pressure and heart rate. Activity of renin and concentrations of aldosterone in the plasma were increased during tamponade and returned gradually to normal after pericardiocentesis (3.8 +/- 0.9 to 1.2 +/- 0.3 ng/ml/h and 20 +/- 4.2 to 9 +/- 3.2 ng/dl, respectively; P less than 0.01). These data confirm that atrial strain, not intracavitary pressure in itself nor heart rate, is the main determinant of the acute release of atrial natriuretic peptide, which is associated with a suppressing effect on the renin-aldosterone system. In addition, our data indicate that secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide during cardiac tamponade is not stimulated by secondary hyperaldosteronism.[1]


  1. Atrial strain is the main determinant of release of atrial natriuretic peptide. Portaluppi, F., Pradella, A., Montanari, L., Degli Uberti, E., Trasforini, G., Margutti, A., Cavallini, A.R., Bagni, B. International journal of cardiology. (1990) [Pubmed]
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