The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adaptations of synaptic form in an aberrant projection to the avian cochlear nucleus.

Surgical removal of the otocyst in chick embryos induces axons from the contralateral cochlear nucleus (nucleus magnocellularis, NM) to form, in addition to their normal endings in nucleus laminaris (NL), anomalous and persistent functional contacts in the ipsilateral NM (Jackson and Parks, 1988). We have examined how interaction between the abnormal synaptic partners during development influences the form of the axon terminal and its relation to the target neuron. In the light microscope, aberrant axon terminals labeled in vitro with HRP appear to form boutons quite unlike the large calycine endbulbs made by the normal cochlear nerve (CN) endings in NM. In the electron microscope, however, the anomalous endings appear embedded in the NM cells, something never seen normally in NM or NL. Morphometric analyses were performed on electron micrographs from NM and NL in animals aged embryonic day (E) 19 to posthatching day (P) 2 from which the right otocyst had been removed on E3 and in normal control animals. Aberrant endings appose 18% of the circumference of operated NM cells, versus 45% for CN axons in the normal NM at this age. The mean length of membrane apposition for the anomalous NM-to-NM endings was 215% greater than for normal NM-to-NL endings but 54% smaller than that in normal CN endings. These results support the idea that developmental interactions between synaptic partners can influence the form of the contact between the 2 neurons. The results also demonstrate, however, that formation of persistent and functional synapses with NM neurons throughout development is not sufficient to induce any axon to assume the calycine form of a cochlear nerve endbulb.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Adaptations of synaptic form in an aberrant projection to the avian cochlear nucleus. Parks, T.N., Taylor, D.A., Jackson, H. J. Neurosci. (1990) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities