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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Chick Embryo

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Disease relevance of Chick Embryo


Psychiatry related information on Chick Embryo


High impact information on Chick Embryo


Chemical compound and disease context of Chick Embryo


Biological context of Chick Embryo


Anatomical context of Chick Embryo


Associations of Chick Embryo with chemical compounds

  • Hydrolase and serum treatment of normal chick embryo cells: effects on hexose transport [29].
  • Role of carbohydrates in protein secretion and turnover: effects of tunicamycin on the major cell surface glycoprotein of chick embryo fibroblasts [30].
  • Treatment of density-inhibited cultures of normal chick embryo fibroblasts with trypsin, plasmin, neuraminidase, or hyaluronidase stimulated their rate of 2-deoxyglucose uptake to a level only marginally higher than that seen in normal exponentially growing cultures, and only 35-45% of that seen in transformed cultures [29].
  • Thrombin covalently linked to carboxylate-modified polystyrene beads initiated division of quiescent chick embryo (CE) cells either in medium containing low levels of serum or in serum-free medium [31].
  • Differentiation induced by cyclic AMP in undifferentiated cells of early chick embryo in vitro [32].

Gene context of Chick Embryo

  • A molecular pathway leading to left-right asymmetry in the chick embryo has been described, in which FGF8 is a right determinant and Sonic Hedgehog a left determinant [33].
  • We have cloned the chick homologue of HIRA and conducted in situ expression analysis in early chick embryos [34].
  • Here, we show that the application of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to chick embryos in ovo prevented retinal cell death in the early period, whereas exogenously applied NGF and neurotrophin-3 had no such effect [35].
  • In this study, we have compared the segmental expression and regulation of Hoxa3 and Hoxb3 in mouse and chick embryos to investigate how they are controlled after initial activation [36].
  • We induced the formation of ectopic limbs in the flank of chick embryos to examine the relationship between the identity of the limb-specific T-box genes being expressed and the identity of limb structures that subsequently develop [37].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Chick Embryo


  1. An anticatalytic monoclonal antibody to avian plasminogen activator: its effect on behavior of RSV-transformed chick fibroblasts. Sullivan, L.M., Quigley, J.P. Cell (1986) [Pubmed]
  2. Radioimmunoassay for tubulin: a quantitative comparison of the tubulin content of different established tissue culture cells and tissues. Hiller, G., Weber, K. Cell (1978) [Pubmed]
  3. Insulin-like growth factor receptor cooperates with integrin alpha v beta 5 to promote tumor cell dissemination in vivo. Brooks, P.C., Klemke, R.L., Schon, S., Lewis, J.M., Schwartz, M.A., Cheresh, D.A. J. Clin. Invest. (1997) [Pubmed]
  4. In vitro inhibition of chick embryo lysyl hydroxylase by homogentisic acid. A proposed connective tissue defect in alkaptonuria. Murray, J.C., Lindberg, K.A., Pinnell, S.R. J. Clin. Invest. (1977) [Pubmed]
  5. An endoprotease homologous to the blood clotting factor X as a determinant of viral tropism in chick embryo. Gotoh, B., Ogasawara, T., Toyoda, T., Inocencio, N.M., Hamaguchi, M., Nagai, Y. EMBO J. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. The chick embryo appears as a natural model for research in beta-amyloid precursor protein processing. Carrodeguas, J.A., Rodolosse, A., Garza, M.V., Sanz-Clemente, A., Pérez-Pé, R., Lacosta, A.M., Domínguez, L., Monleón, I., Sánchez-Díaz, R., Sorribas, V., Sarasa, M. Neuroscience (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Critical periods to ethanol exposure during early neuroembryogenesis in the chick embryo: cholinergic neurons. Brodie, C., Vernadakis, A. Brain Res. Dev. Brain Res. (1990) [Pubmed]
  8. Development of the differential effect of oxazepam on spontaneous and activated motility in chick embryos. Sedlácek, J. Physiologia Bohemoslovaca. (1983) [Pubmed]
  9. A molecular pathway determining left-right asymmetry in chick embryogenesis. Levin, M., Johnson, R.L., Stern, C.D., Kuehn, M., Tabin, C. Cell (1995) [Pubmed]
  10. Fibroblast growth factors induce additional limb development from the flank of chick embryos. Cohn, M.J., Izpisúa-Belmonte, J.C., Abud, H., Heath, J.K., Tickle, C. Cell (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Cytoplasmic dynein is a minus end-directed motor for membranous organelles. Schroer, T.A., Steuer, E.R., Sheetz, M.P. Cell (1989) [Pubmed]
  12. Plasminogen activator dependent pathways in the dissemination of human tumor cells in the chick embryo. Ossowski, L. Cell (1988) [Pubmed]
  13. Transformation by Rous sarcoma virus induces a novel gene with homology to a mitogenic platelet protein. Sugano, S., Stoeckle, M.Y., Hanafusa, H. Cell (1987) [Pubmed]
  14. Phorbol ester action is independent of viral and cellular src kinase levels. Goldberg, A.R., Delclos, K.B., Blumberg, P.M. Science (1980) [Pubmed]
  15. Glucose depletion accounts for the induction of two transformation-sensitive membrane proteinsin Rous sarcoma virus-transformed chick embryo fibroblasts. Shiu, R.P., Pouyssegur, J., Pastan, I. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1977) [Pubmed]
  16. Spontaneous and induced mutagenesis in Western Equine encephalomyelitis virus in chick embryo cells with different repair activity. Dubinin, N.P., Zasukhina, G.D., Nesmashnova, V.A., Lvova, G.N. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1975) [Pubmed]
  17. Distinct cardioprotective effects of adenosine mediated by differential coupling of receptor subtypes to phospholipases C and D. Parsons, M., Young, L., Lee, J.E., Jacobson, K.A., Liang, B.T. FASEB J. (2000) [Pubmed]
  18. Dexamethasone effects on induction of neoplastic transformation by Fujinami sarcoma virus in an in vitro chick embryo periosteal model for osteosarcoma. Birek, C., Pawson, T., McCulloch, C.A., Tenenbaum, H.C. Cancer Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
  19. Conserved left-right asymmetry of nodal expression and alterations in murine situs inversus. Lowe, L.A., Supp, D.M., Sampath, K., Yokoyama, T., Wright, C.V., Potter, S.S., Overbeek, P., Kuehn, M.R. Nature (1996) [Pubmed]
  20. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor rescues developing avian motoneurons from cell death. Oppenheim, R.W., Yin, Q.W., Prevette, D., Yan, Q. Nature (1992) [Pubmed]
  21. Purified lectin from skeletal muscle inhibits myotube formation in vitro. MacBride, R.G., Przybylski, R.J. J. Cell Biol. (1980) [Pubmed]
  22. Nonsuppressible insulin-like activity and thyroid hormones: major pituitary-dependent sulfation factors for chick embryo cartilage. Froesch, E.R., Zapf, J., Audhya, T.K., Ben-Porath, E., Segen, B.J., Gibson, K.D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1976) [Pubmed]
  23. Endothelin-1 alters the contractile phenotype of cultured embryonic smooth muscle cells. Fisher, S.A., Ikebe, M., Brozovich, F. Circ. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
  24. Plasminogen activator in chick fibroblasts: induction of synthesis by retinoic acid; synergism with viral transformation and phorbol ester. Wilson, E.L., Reich, E. Cell (1978) [Pubmed]
  25. Proliferation of Buffalo rat liver cells in serum-free medium does not depend upon multiplication-stimulating activity (MSA). Nissley, S.P., Short, P.A., Rechler, M.M., Podskalny, J.M., Coon, H.G. Cell (1977) [Pubmed]
  26. Secretion of acetylcholinesterase: relation to acetylcholine receptor metabolism. Rotundo, R.L., Fambrough, D.M. Cell (1980) [Pubmed]
  27. Synthesis, transport and fate of acetylcholinesterase in cultured chick embryos muscle cells. Rotundo, R.L., Fambrough, D.M. Cell (1980) [Pubmed]
  28. Neuroectodermal autonomy of Hox-2.9 expression revealed by rhombomere transpositions. Guthrie, S., Muchamore, I., Kuroiwa, A., Marshall, H., Krumlauf, R., Lumsden, A. Nature (1992) [Pubmed]
  29. Hydrolase and serum treatment of normal chick embryo cells: effects on hexose transport. Hale, A.H., Weber, M.J. Cell (1975) [Pubmed]
  30. Role of carbohydrates in protein secretion and turnover: effects of tunicamycin on the major cell surface glycoprotein of chick embryo fibroblasts. Olden, K., Pratt, R.M., Yamada, K.M. Cell (1978) [Pubmed]
  31. Cell surface action of thrombin is sufficient to initiate division of chick cells. Carney, D.H., Cunningham, D.D. Cell (1978) [Pubmed]
  32. Differentiation induced by cyclic AMP in undifferentiated cells of early chick embryo in vitro. Deshpande, A.K., Siddiqui, M.A. Nature (1976) [Pubmed]
  33. Differences in left-right axis pathways in mouse and chick: functions of FGF8 and SHH. Meyers, E.N., Martin, G.R. Science (1999) [Pubmed]
  34. Cloning and developmental expression analysis of chick Hira (Chira), a candidate gene for DiGeorge syndrome. Roberts, C., Daw, S.C., Halford, S., Scambler, P.J. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1997) [Pubmed]
  35. Control of early cell death by BDNF in the chick retina. Frade, J.M., Bovolenta, P., Martínez-Morales, J.R., Arribas, A., Barbas, J.A., Rodríguez-Tébar, A. Development (1997) [Pubmed]
  36. Independent regulation of initiation and maintenance phases of Hoxa3 expression in the vertebrate hindbrain involve auto- and cross-regulatory mechanisms. Manzanares, M., Bel-Vialar, S., Ariza-McNaughton, L., Ferretti, E., Marshall, H., Maconochie, M.M., Blasi, F., Krumlauf, R. Development (2001) [Pubmed]
  37. Involvement of T-box genes Tbx2-Tbx5 in vertebrate limb specification and development. Gibson-Brown, J.J., Agulnik, S.I., Silver, L.M., Niswander, L., Papaioannou, V.E. Development (1998) [Pubmed]
  38. Control of angiogenesis with synthetic heparin substitutes. Folkman, J., Weisz, P.B., Joullié, M.M., Li, W.W., Ewing, W.R. Science (1989) [Pubmed]
  39. Key events of pancreas formation are triggered in gut endoderm by ectopic expression of pancreatic regulatory genes. Grapin-Botton, A., Majithia, A.R., Melton, D.A. Genes Dev. (2001) [Pubmed]
  40. Emilin, a component of elastic fibers preferentially located at the elastin-microfibrils interface. Bressan, G.M., Daga-Gordini, D., Colombatti, A., Castellani, I., Marigo, V., Volpin, D. J. Cell Biol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  41. Fetal endoderm primarily holds the temporal and positional information required for mammalian intestinal development. Duluc, I., Freund, J.N., Leberquier, C., Kedinger, M. J. Cell Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  42. Ventricular trabeculations in the chick embryo heart and their contribution to ventricular and muscular septal development. Ben-Shachar, G., Arcilla, R.A., Lucas, R.V., Manasek, F.J. Circ. Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
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