The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synovial fluid calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals and alizarin red positivity: analysis of 3000 samples.

Three thousand synovial fluids (1312 patients: chronic pyrophosphate arthropathy (CPA), 41%; osteoarthritis (OA), 12%; rheumatoid arthritis ( RA), 16%) were examined for crystals, including calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate (CPPD), by polarized microscopy (score 0-3); calcific particles, by alizarin red positivity ( ARP; 0-3); and total cell count. For 1150 fluids, local joint inflammation was assessed as 'active' or 'inactive' using a summated score of six clinical variables. CPPD and ARP scores did not correlate, but each showed positive correlation with age (P less than 0.01, P less than 0.02 respectively). Pseudogout had the highest mean CPPD score (P less than 0.001); intermittent CPPD positivity (range 8-100%) was seen in serially aspirated CPA joints, and there was no difference in CPPD positivity or score between active and inactive CPA. ARP was most frequent in OA subsets (72% of CPA, 46% of OA, 31% of RA; P less than 0.001). ARP was more frequent in active than inactive OA (P less than 0.05) but showed no association with inflammation in CPA or RA. Cell counts were higher in RA and pseudogout compared to OA and CPA, and in active compared to inactive RA. No correlation was found between ARP or CPPD scores and cell count. Cholesterol crystals were uncommon (0.2%) and showed no disease or joint predilection. In arthritic joints, CPPD and calcific particles particularly associate with the OA process and ageing. CPPD may contribute to acute and other calcific particles to chronic inflammation in OA.[1]


  1. Synovial fluid calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals and alizarin red positivity: analysis of 3000 samples. Hamilton, E., Pattrick, M., Hornby, J., Derrick, G., Doherty, M. Br. J. Rheumatol. (1990) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities