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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intracellular pH-regulatory mechanisms in pancreatic acinar cells. I. Characterization of H+ and HCO3- transporters.

Rat pancreatic acini loaded with the pH sensitive fluorescent dye 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein were used to characterize intracellular pH (pHi) regulatory mechanisms in these cells. The acini were attached to cover slips and continuously perfused. In 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazineethanesulfonic acid (HEPES)-buffered solutions recovery from acid load (H+ efflux) required extracellular Na+ (Na+out) and was blocked by amiloride. Likewise, H+ influx initiated by removal of Na+out was blocked by amiloride. Hence, in HEPES-buffered medium the major operative pHi regulatory mechanism is a Na+/H+ exchange. In HCO3(-)-buffered medium, amiloride only partially blocked recovery from acid load and acidification due to Na+out removal. The remaining fraction required Na+out, was inhibited by H2-4,4'-diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-disulfunic acid (H2DIDS) and was independent of C1-. Hence, a transporter with characteristics of a Na(+)-HCO3- cotransport exists in pancreatic acini. Measurement of pHi changes due to Na(+)-HCO3- cotransport, suggests that the transporter contributes to HCO3- efflux under physiological conditions. Changing the Cl- gradient across the plasma membrane of acini maintained in HCO3(-)-buffered solutions reveals the presence of an H2DIDS-sensitive, Na(+)-independent, Cl(-)-dependent, HCO3- transporter with characteristics of a Cl-/HCO3- exchanger. In pancreatic acini the exchanger transports HCO3- but not OH- and under physiological conditions functions to remove HCO3- from the cytosol. In summary, only the Na+/H+ exchanger is functional in HEPES-buffered medium to maintain pHi at 7.28 +/- 0.03. In the presence of 25 mM HCO3- at pHo of 7.4, all the transporters operate simultaneously to maintain a steady-state pHi of 7.13 +/- 0.04.[1]


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