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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Chemical labeling studies on bovine heart mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase dispersed in nonionic detergents.

In order to investigate the structural interactions of nonionic detergents with bovine heart mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (COX), a series of hydrophilic chemical modification reagents were used to map regions on COX which are not shielded by dodecyl beta-D-maltoside (DM), Triton X-100 (TX-100), and Tween 80 (TW-80). Low levels of incorporation of the chemical reagents [35S]benzenediazoniumsulfonate (DABS) and N-succinimidyl [3H]propionate (SP) into COX dispersed in TW-80 indicate that the bulky headgroup and hydrophobic moiety of this detergent effectively shield the enzyme from the aqueous environment. Subunits II and Va/Vb [nomenclature of Merle, P., & Kadenbach, B. (1982) Eur. J. Biochem. 125, 239-244] show an increased reactivity to [35S]DABS and [3H]SP in TW-80 and may reflect an increased exposure of these subunits to the aqueous phase in comparison to COX dispersed in TX-100 or DM. More [35S]DABS is incorporated into COX in DM than TX-100-dispersed enzyme; DABS heavily labels subunits III, VIa, and VIb in DM. While COX in TX-100 is more reactive with [3H]SP than DM-dispersed enzyme, there is no difference in the distribution of label (either DABS or SP) within the subunits of COX in DM or TX-100. Increased surface exposure of COX in TX-100 is indicated by an enhanced sensitivity of COX electron-transfer activity in enzyme chemically modified by the cross-linking reagent N-succinimidyl 3-[(4-azidophenyl)dithio]propionate (SADP) in TX-100 as compared to enzyme chemically cross-linked in the other detergents.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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