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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Elevation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels independently down regulates IL-1, IL-2, and IL-2 receptor (CD25) syntheses.

In view of the central involvement of interleukin-1 ( IL-1) in T-cell functions and the negative effects exerted by cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) on T-cell responses, we wondered whether these inhibitions rely on defects in IL-1 generation. We investigated the effect of a known cAMP elevating agent, cholera toxin (CT), on the generation of IL-1 from peripheral blood adherent cells as well as the role of IL-1 whenever IL-2 synthesis and IL-2 receptor (CD25 antigen) expression are inhibited. While augmenting intracellular cAMP concentration, CT inhibits from 20 to 40% the generation of IL-1 activity from E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated adherent cells. Theophylline (TH), a cAMP degradation blocking agent, induces the same decrease in IL-1 activity. The B chain of CT, devoid of cAMP activating potency, is not inhibitory. In systems where CT and TH dramatically inhibit the generation of IL-2 activity (80%), addition of exogenous IL-1 does not restore the ability of T-cells to produce or release IL-2. Moreover, CT- and dibutyryl (db)cAMP-induced inhibition of CD25 antigen expression is not overcome by exogenous IL-1, IL-2, nor by both interleukins. It is concluded that inhibition of IL-1 and IL-2 production are independent and that inhibition of CD25 antigen expression is independent of IL-1 and IL-2 modulation. Cholera toxin and cAMP influences on interleukin synthesis are discussed.[1]


  1. Elevation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate levels independently down regulates IL-1, IL-2, and IL-2 receptor (CD25) syntheses. Iwaz, J., Kouassi, E., Lafont, S., Revillard, J.P. Int. J. Immunopharmacol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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