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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Coordinate overproduction of orotate phosphoribosyltransferase and orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase in hamster cells resistant to pyrazofurin and 6-azauridine.

Cells resistant to pyrazofurin and 6-azauridine have been selected from a simian virus 40-transformed Syrian hamster line and from a Chinese hamster lung line. By increasing the concentrations of inhibitors in several steps, mutant cells from both lines have been obtained which resist high concentrations (1 to 5 mM) of the two inhibitors separately or together. Orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase (EC, the sixth and last enzyme in UMP biosynthesis, is inhibited by the nucleoside monophosphates derived from pyrazofurin or 6-azauridine. The activity of this enzyme is increased in each resistant cell line tested. Furthermore, there is a parallel increase in each case in the activity of the fifth enzyme of the pathway, orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (EC, which is not inhibited by pyrazofurin or 6-azauridine monophosphates, and the amount of increase is up to 67 times the level found in wild type cells. In contrast, the activities of the first three enzymes of UMP biosynthesis remain essentially unchanged in the mutants. Resistant Chinese hamster cells remain sensitive to 5-fluorouridine; this indicates that uridine kinase, the enzyme necessary to convert 6-azauridine to the monophosphate, is still functional.[1]


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