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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sulfate transport by rat liver lysosomes.

Sulfate transport was examined using membrane vesicles (pH 7.0 inside) prepared from rat liver lysosomes. Sulfate uptake was dependent upon external pH with increased uptake at lower buffer pH. The Km for uptake was 160 microM at pH 5.0 while at pH 7.0, a lower affinity system with a Km of 1.4 mM was present. The protonophore carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone increased uptake at pH 5.0 while valinomycin/KCl had no effect. In contrast, at pH 7.0, valinomycin-induced changes in membrane potential stimulated uptake. Countertransport of sulfate at pH 7.0 was inhibited by 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulfonic acid stilbene, N-(4-azido-2-nitrophenyl)-2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, and a variety of anions: SO4(2-) greater than MoO4(2-) greater than Cl- greater than HPO4- greater than HCO3-. Trans-stimulation of sulfate uptake at pH 7.0 was observed with MoO4(2-) and, to a lesser extent, with S2O3(2-) while Cl-, HPO4-, and HCO3- had little effect. However, chloride loading of vesicles resulted in marked stimulation of sulfate uptake at pH 5. 0. It appears that sulfate and protons exit lysosomes in exchange for chloride by a specific, pH-regulated anion transport system.[1]


  1. Sulfate transport by rat liver lysosomes. Jonas, A.J., Jobe, H. J. Biol. Chem. (1990) [Pubmed]
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