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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The anti-aggressive drug eltoprazine preferentially binds to 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor subtypes in rat brain: sensitivity to guanine nucleotides.

Eltoprazine (DU 28853) inhibits offensive aggressive behaviour in several animal species. We characterized the binding of radiolabelled eltoprazine in rat brain by autoradiography. [3H]Eltoprazine displayed saturable and high-affinity binding to several brain areas, including the basal ganglia, hippocampal formation and cerebral cortex (Kd values ranging from 4.2 to 9.5 nM). The maximal binding capacities (Bmax) for [3H]eltoprazine were similar to those for [3H]5-HT and were highest in the substantia nigra and subiculum. Competition with eltoprazine for [3H]ligand binding to the various 5-HT1 receptor subtypes revealed preferential binding to 5-HT1A (IC50 values ranging from 42 to 50 nM) and 5-HT1B (IC50 values ranging from 25 to 38 nM) recognition sites. The drug had moderate affinity for 5-HT1C sites (IC50 = 282 nM). Addition of GTP or its stable analogue Gpp(NH)p to the radioligand assay caused a marked reduction (50-90%) in both [3H]eltoprazine and [3H]5-HT binding. These effects were substantially less in the choroid plexus. The binding of the antagonist (-)[125I]Iodocyanopindolol ([125I]ICYP) to 5-HT1B recognition sites, as quantified in the subiculum and substantia nigra, was either unaltered or slightly enhanced by the addition of 10(-3) M GTP. Furthermore, GTP did not affect the competition for [125I]ICYP binding by the 5-HT1-antagonist methiothepin, whereas it did significantly reduce the displacement by eltoprazine, resulting in an almost twofold increase in IC50 values. The data indicate that the anti-aggressive drug eltoprazine preferentially binds to 5-HT1A and 5-HT1B receptor sites and that this interaction is modulated by guanine nucleotides.[1]

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