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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of inotropic and vasodilator therapy on left ventricular diastolic filling in dogs with severe left ventricular dysfunction.

Inotropic and vasodilator therapy for congestive heart failure improve left ventricular systolic performance by different mechanisms. However, the nature and extent to which diastolic filling is altered have not been well described. Acute severe left ventricular dysfunction was induced in 21 dogs by severe left ventricular global ischemia produced by left main coronary artery microsphere embolization until left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was greater than or equal to 18 mm Hg. Dobutamine was infused in seven dogs until the peak positive first derivative of left ventricular pressure (dP/dt) increased by greater than or equal to 33%. Nitroprusside was infused in seven dogs until left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was less than 15 mm Hg. Seven dogs were observed for 1 h after the induction of acute severe left ventricular dysfunction and served as the control group. In all groups of dogs, severe left ventricular dysfunction resulted in left ventricular dilation, reduction in area ejection fraction, elevation of left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and an early redistribution of diastolic filling (increased 1/3 and 1/2 filling fractions) despite a markedly abnormal time constant of relaxation. No changes were noted in any variable after 1 h of observation in the seven control dogs. Nitroprusside reduced left ventricular size and filling pressure, increased cardiac output, improved relaxation and redistributed diastolic filling to later in diastole as characterized by a reduced 1/3 filling fraction (19.4 +/- 7.4% versus 51.4 +/- 10%, p less than 0.001). The pressure-area curve was shifted downward and leftward.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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