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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Protective effect of Y-20811, a long-lasting thromboxane synthetase inhibitor, on endotoxin shock in rabbits.

The effect of sodium 4-[alpha-hydroxy-5-(imidazolyl)-2-methylbenzyl]-3,5-dimethyl benzoate dihydrate (Y-20811), a selective thromboxane (TX) synthetase inhibitor, on endotoxin shock was investigated in comparison with aspirin. The drugs were orally administered to rabbits at 24 and 1 hour before injection of endotoxin (5 mg/kg, i.v.). Y-20811 (1 mg/kg) promoted the recovery of decreased platelet counts, and inhibited hypotension induced by endotoxin. It also inhibited the increase in plasma TXB2 and 6-keto PGF1 alpha. Aspirin at 30 mg/kg, inhibited hypotension and the increase in both plasma TXB2 and 6-keto PGF1 alpha levels, but it failed to inhibit the decrease in platelet counts. In the control group, all rabbits died within 180 min after endotoxin injection, while Y-20811 completely protected animals against death at a dose of 0.3 mg/kg. Aspirin also protected animals against death at a dose of 30 mg/kg, which was, however, about one hundredth potent of Y-20811. These results indicate that Y-20811 is useful in treating endotoxin shock.[1]


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