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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Investigation of the ZFY gene in XX true hermaphroditism and Swyer syndrome.

Four patients with 46,XX true hermaphroditism and one patient with 46,XY pure gonadal dysgenesis (Swyer syndrome) were analyzed with a Y chromosome-derived probe that detects a specific fragment on the short arm of the Y chromosome in the putative testicle-determining region and also a fragment on the short arm of the X chromosome. Normal males and females, an individual with Turner syndrome, and patients with various causes of anomalous gonadal differentiation accompanied by cytogenetically present Y chromosome were used as controls. The Y-specific fragment was not detected in any of the persons with 46,XX true hermaphroditism. However, this fragment was positive in the 46,XY female and in all Y-bearing patients. Cytogenetic and molecular absence of the ZFY sequence in 46,XX true hermaphrodites calls for explanations other than the classic embryogenic theory. The absence of testicular differentiation in the ZFY-positive XY female evidences functionally altered sex determination or, alternatively, defective gonadal receptors.[1]


  1. Investigation of the ZFY gene in XX true hermaphroditism and Swyer syndrome. Damiani, D., Billerbeck, A.E., Goldberg, A.C., Setian, N., Fellous, M., Kalil, J. Hum. Genet. (1990) [Pubmed]
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