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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pvt-1 transcripts are found in normal tissues and are altered by reciprocal(6;15) translocations in mouse plasmacytomas.

The mouse Pvt-1 (for plasmacytoma variant translocation) region maps to a chromosome 15 breakpoint region that is frequently interrupted by "variant" reciprocal chromosome translocations, rcpt(6;15), in plasmacytomas. This region lies several hundred kilobases (kb) 3' of the mouse c-myc gene (Myc) which is deregulated in both rcpt(6;15) and rcpt(12;15) plasmacytomas. rcpt(12;15) translocations apparently activate c-myc directly by interrupting the gene itself, but the mechanism causing c-myc deregulation in tumors bearing rcpt(6;15) translocations remains unknown. The indirect activation of c-myc by Pvt-1 interruption has remained an appealing possibility, but heretofore it has not been possible to establish such a connection. Furthermore, no genes from the Pvt-1 locus have been shown to be transcribed in normal tissues or in tumors with rcpt(6;15) translocations. We report the isolation of a cDNA clone, Pvt-1-1, from mouse spleen mRNA that is specific to the Pvt-1 region. This cDNA probe detects low levels of large (ca. 14 kb) RNA transcripts in normal mouse tissues. In plasmacytomas with rcpt(6;15) translocations, the Pvt-1 transcripts are elevated in abundance and truncated in size. Both changes are apparently induced by the chromosomal translocation. Expression of 14-kb Pvt-1 RNA is elevated in B-cell tumor lines that express immunoglobulin light chain genes; thus, we postulate that these translocations are facilitated by the increased DNA accessibility of immunoglobulin kappa light chain and Pvt-1 genes when they are simultaneously expressed at certain times during B-cell ontogeny.[1]


  1. Pvt-1 transcripts are found in normal tissues and are altered by reciprocal(6;15) translocations in mouse plasmacytomas. Huppi, K., Siwarski, D., Skurla, R., Klinman, D., Mushinski, J.F. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1990) [Pubmed]
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