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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Complete sequence of a bovine type I cytokeratin gene: conserved and variable intron positions in genes of polypeptides of the same cytokeratin subfamily.

The complete sequence of a bovine gene encoding an epidermal cytokeratin of mol. wt. 54 500 (No VIb) of the acidic (type I) subfamily is presented, including an extended 5' upstream region. The gene (4377 bp, seven introns) which codes for a representative of the glycine-rich subtype of cytokeratins of this subfamily, is compared with genes coding for: another subtype of type I cytokeratin; a basic (type II) cytokeratin gene; and vimentin, a representative of another intermediate filament (IF) protein class. The positions of the five introns located within the highly homologous alpha-helix-rich rod domain are identical or equivalent, i.e., within the same triplet, in the two cytokeratin I genes. Four of these intron positions are also identical with intron sites in the vimentin gene, and three of these intron positions are identical or similar in the type I and type II cytokeratin subfamilies. On the other hand, the gene organization of both type I cytokeratins differs from that of the type II cytokeratin in the rod region in five intron positions and in the introns located in the carboxy-terminal tail region, with the exception of one position at the rod-tail junction. Remarkably, the two type I cytokeratins also differ from each other in the positions of two introns located at and in the region coding for the hypervariable, carboxy-terminal portion. The introns and the 5' upstream regions of the cytokeratin VIb gene do not display notable sequence homologies with the other IF protein genes, but sequences identical with--or very similar to--certain viral and immunoglobulin enhancers have been identified.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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