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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and function of a CD5 cDNA in human and murine T cells.

In order to define the function of the CD 5 (T1, Leu 1, Tp 67 in the human; Ly-1 in the mouse) molecule, a cDNA clone of human CD 5 was expressed in a CD5-deficient Jurkat cell line and in a murine T cell hybridoma. A Jurkat subclone (Jurkat 9.9) produced interleukin 2 ( IL 2) in response to anti-CD 3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) cross-linked to solid support. IL 2 production was enhanced by co-culture with the anti-CD 5 mAb OKT 1. A CD 5-deficient mutant clone Jurkat 1.15 was generated by treatment with ethyl methanesulfonate followed by selection with anti-CD 5 mAb plus complement. Jurkat 1.15 did not demonstrate enhancement of IL 2 production by OKT 1 in the presence of cross-linked anti-CD 3 mAb. A cDNA encoding human CD 5 was introduced into a defective retrovirus which was used to infect Jurkat 1.15. A Jurkat clone stably expressing CD 5 was established. In response to OKT 1, a rise in intracellular calcium was observed in both the parent Jurkat 9.9 and the CD 5+ infectant but not in the CD 5- mutant or a G 418- resistant control. Furthermore, expression of CD 5 restored the augmentation of IL 2 production by OKT 1 in response to cross-linked anti-CD 3 mAb. A murine T cell hybridoma By 155.16 which produces IL 2 in response to HLA-DR antigens was also infected with the CD 5-recombinant retrovirus and three stable CD 5+ infectants were generated. These hybridomas showed enhancement of IL 2 production by stimulation with OKT 1 in the presence of suboptimal concentrations of soluble anti-murine CD 3 mAb. These results provide further evidence that CD 5 provides a co-stimulatory signal for T cell activation.[1]


  1. Expression and function of a CD5 cDNA in human and murine T cells. Nishimura, Y., Bierer, B.E., Jones, W.K., Jones, N.H., Strominger, J.L., Burakoff, S.J. Eur. J. Immunol. (1988) [Pubmed]
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