The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased gamma-globin expression in a nondeletion HPFH mediated by an erythroid-specific DNA-binding factor.

In man, a shift from gamma- to beta-globin gene expression in erythroblasts underlies a switch from fetal to adult haemoglobin during development. In hereditary persistence of fetal haemoglobin (HPFH), inappropriately high gamma-globin expression in adult life is associated with deletions in the beta-globin cluster or with single-base changes upstream of the gamma-globin genes. To account for enhanced gamma-gene expression in HPFH of the non-deletion type, we tested the nuclear proteins of human erythroleukaemia cells that bind gamma-promoter sequences in vitro by correlating specific mutations in their binding sites with promoter activity. An erythroid-specific factor (GF-1) binds as a single molecule to the -195 to -170 region and contacts two TATCT(AGATA) motifs, but not the conserved octamer (ATGCAAAT) that separates them. We observe that a single change (at -175, T----C) found in HPFH leads to increased promoter activity only in erythroid cells. This effect is mediated by GF-1, the human counterpart of the chicken erythroid factor Eryf 1. The form of HPFH we studied here is an inherited disorder which can be ascribed to the action of a cell-specific DNA-binding factor on a mutant promoter.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities